Wednesday, 25 June 2008

Notes on Peirce's Classification of Signs

These are my working notes on the Classification of Signs in the thought of Charles Sanders Peirce - I am particularly intrigued by his idea of a classification of 66 categories; most people are only familiar with the division into icon, index and symbol. I will try to include notes on sources at a future date. David Ruaune

Peirce’s Sign Categories

Firstness

- quality, feeling, emotion, possibility
Secondness

- effort, struggle, perception, experience, object, fact, relation
Thirdness

- law, habit, mediation of Firstness and Thirdness

S

- Sign (Representamen)
O

- Object
I

- Interpretant

Qualisign

- It is a mere quality
Sinsign

- It is an individual object or event
Legisign

- It is a general type, a law or habit
Icon

- It is an image of its object
Index

- It is some real relation between the sign and its object
Symbol

- It refers to the object that it denotes by virtue of a law
Rheme (Term)

- It is a sign of qualitative possibility
Dicent (Proposition)

- It is a sign of fact, of actual existence
Argument

- It is a sign of law, of reason

---------1--------- 2---------- 3

S - S Qualisign Sinsign Legisign

S - O Icon Index Symbol

S - I Rheme Dicent Argument



I 111 (Rhematic Iconic) Qualisign e.g., red I
II 211 (Rhematic) Iconic Sinsign e.g., an individual diagram II
III 221 Rhematic Indexical Sinsign e.g., a spontaneous cry IV
IV 222 Dicent (Indexical) Sinsign e.g., a weathercock VII
V 311 (Rhematic) Iconic Legisign e.g., a diagram III
VI 321 Rhematic Indexical Legisign e.g., a demonstrative pronoun V
VII 322 Dicent Indexical Legisign e.g., a street cry VIII
VIII 331 Rhematic Symbol (Legisign) e.g., a common noun VI
IX 332 Dicent Symbol (Legisign) e.g., an ordinary proposition IX
X 333 Argument (Symbolic Legisign) e.g., an ordinary syllogism X

--S O I
X 3 3 3
IX 3 3 2
VIII 3 2 2
VII 2 2 2
VI 3 3 1
V 3 2 1
IV 2 2 1
III 3 1 1
II 2 1 1
I 1 1 1

IO Immediate Object perceived
DO Dynamical Object in itself

II Immediate Interpretant past
DI Dynamical Interpretant present
FI Final Interpretant future


S IO DO II DI FI
X 28 -----3 3 3 3 3 3
27 --------3 3 3 3 3 2
26 --------3 3 3 3 2 2
IX 25----- 3 3 3 2 2 2
24 --------3 3 2 2 2 2
VIII 23--- 3 2 2 2 2 2
VII 22 ----2 2 2 2 2 2
21 --------3 3 3 3 3 1
20-------- 3 3 3 3 2 1
19 --------3 3 3 2 2 1
18 --------3 3 2 2 2 1
17 -------3 2 2 2 2 1
16 -------2 2 2 2 2 1
15 -------3 3 3 3 1 1

14 -------3 3 3 2 1 1
13------- 3 3 2 2 1 1
12 -------3 2 2 2 1 1
11 -------2 2 2 2 1 1
VI 10 ---3 3 3 1 1 1
9 --------3 3 2 1 1 1
V 8 ------3 2 2 1 1 1
IV 7 -----2 2 2 1 1 1
6--------- 3 3 1 1 1 1
5 ---------3 2 1 1 1 1
4--------- 2 2 1 1 1 1
III 3------ 3 1 1 1 1 1
II 2------- 2 1 1 1 1 1
I 1 --------1 1 1 1 1 1


Modalities
P Possible Object
A Actual Fact Or Occurrence
N Necessitant






--------S ---------Oi------------ Od -------S-Od -------Ii ---------Id ----------S-Id --------If--------- S-If -----S-Id-Of

1 qualisign descriptive abstractive icon hypothetical sympathetic suggestive gratific rheme instinctive

2 sinsign denominative concretive index categorical percussive interrogative practical dicent experiential

3 legisign distributive collective symbol relative usual cognificative pragmatistic argument habitual

S IOP IOA ION DOP DOA DON II DI FI

Qualisign Icon Rheme
Sinsign Index Dicent
Legisign Symbol Argument

S Oi Od S-Od Ii Id S-Id If S-If S-Id-Of

66 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
65 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2
64 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2
63 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2
62 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2
61 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2
60 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2
59 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
58 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
57 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
56 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
55 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1
54 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 1
53 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 1
52 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 1
51 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1
50 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 1
49 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
48 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
47 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
46 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
45 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1
44 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 1
43 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 1
42 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 1 1
41 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1
40 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
39 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
38 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
37 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
36 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1
35 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1
34 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 1
33 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1
32 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 1
31 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1
30 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1
29 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1
28 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1
27 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1
26 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 1 1
25 3 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
24 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
23 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
22 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
21 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1
20 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 1
19 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 1
18 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1
17 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1
16 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1
15 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1
14 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
13 3 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
12 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
11 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
10 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
09 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
08 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
07 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
06 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
05 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
04 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
03 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
02 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
01 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

S IOP IOA ION DOP DOA DON II DI FI



number of classes must be a positive integer that conforms to the formula [n+1][n+2]/2


Sign Qualisign Sinsign Legisign
Immediate Object Descriptive Denominative Distributive
Dynamical Object Abstractive Concretive Collective
Sign-Dynamical Object Icon Index Symbol
Immediate Interpretant Hypothetical Categorical Relative
Dynamical Interpretant Sympathetic Percussive Usual
Sign-Dynamical Interpretant Suggestive Interrogative Cognificative
Final Interpretant Gratific Practical Pragmatistic
Sign-Final Interpretant Rheme Dicent Argument
Sign-Dynamical Interpretant-Final Object Instinctive Experiential Habitual


Sign Sign itself


Qualisign Signs “in themselves as they are in themselves”
Sinsign “the sense of something opposing one’s effort”
Legisign “that which is stored away in one’s memory, familiar and, as such, general”

Immediate object

Descriptives absolutely definite or distinct notion
Designatives (Denotatives, Indicatives, Denominatives) brutally direct interpreter to object
Distributive Copulants, express logical relations

Dynamic object

Abstractive colour, mass, whiteness
Concretive Man, Charlemaigne
Collective Mankind, Human Race

Sign-Dynamical Object

Icon It is an image of its object
Index It is some real relation between the sign and its object
Symbol It refers to the object that it denotes by virtue of a law

Immediate Interpretant

Hypothetical
Categorical
Relative

Dynamical Interpretant

Sympathetic (Congruentive)
Percussive (Shocking)
Usual

Sign-Dynamical Interpretant

Suggestive, ejaculative, “Merely giving utterence to feeling”
Imperative including interrogatives
Indicative Cognificative

Normal / Final Interpretant

Gratific
To produce action Practical
To produce self-control Pragmatistic

Sign-Normal / Final Interpretant

Rheme (Term) It is a sign of qualitative possibility
Dicisign Dicent (Proposition) It is a sign of fact, of actual existence
Argument It is a sign of law, of reason

Sign-Dynamical Interpretant-Normal / Final Object

Assurance of Instinct Instinctive
Assurance of Experience Experiential
Assurance of Form Habitual


S Qualisign Sinsign Legisign
IOP Descriptive Denominative Distributive
IOA Abstractive Concretive Collective
ION Icon Index Symbol
DOP Hypothetical Categorical Relative
DOA Sympathetic Percussive Usual
DON Suggestive Interrogative Cognificative
II Gratific Practical Pragmatistic
DI Rheme Dicent Argument
FI Instinctive Experiential Habitual




IO Immediate Object perceived
DO Dynamical Object real

P Possible Object
A Actual Fact Or Occurrence
N Necessitant

II Immediate Interpretant past
DI Dynamical Interpretant present
FI Final Interpretant future



Additional Terms -

Ground
Hypoicon
diagrams, drawings, pictures, musical scores, algebraic formulae, graphs
Images
Diagrams
Metaphors

Index
Proper name
Symptom
Itself legisign
Occurrence sinsign
Degenerate index – relation referential rather than existential


David Ruaune





Saturday, 21 June 2008

David Ruaune's Personal Sites

David Ruaune has a personal website, mainly for poetry, at
davidruaune.blogspot.com
and a Facebook profile at
http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1263348735

Friday, 8 February 2008

Sponsor a Word and Pub Games?

Sponsoring a word might help keep this resource open and free. Also, rhetorosaurus.co.uk could benefit from teaming-up with mypubguide.com. More information on these matters to follow.